Dr. Ed Hoben Dentistry

Dental Terms

Proudly Serving Woodstock

Dental Terms

Gum disease Woodstock

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. It primarily involves the infection of structures surrounding the teeth, including the gums, cementum (tooth root covering), periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. Periodontal diseases can range from mild gingivitis to more severe forms of periodontitis, and they can impact both oral and overall health.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and primarily affects the gums. It is typically caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the teeth and gums. Common signs of gingivitis include swollen and bleeding gums, redness, and an increased tendency for gums to bleed while brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is generally reversible with proper oral hygiene practices.

Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease in which the infection extends beyond the gums and affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone. It can lead to tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss if not properly managed. Periodontitis often develops from untreated gingivitis.

Causes of Gum Disease

The primary cause of gum disease is the accumulation of bacterial plaque on tooth surfaces, particularly in areas where the teeth and gums meet. Plaque contains harmful bacteria that release toxins, leading to inflammation of the gums. Other factors that can contribute to gum disease include:

  • Poor oral hygiene practices, such as infrequent brushing and flossing
  • Smoking and tobacco use
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Systemic diseases like diabetes
  • Hormonal changes, such as those during pregnancy and menopause
  • Certain medications
  • Poorly fitting dental appliances or restorations

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of gum disease may include:

  • Swollen and bleeding gums
  • Bright-red or purple gums
  • Shiny gums
  • Gums that are painless, except when pressure is applied
  • Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing and flossing
  • Gums that itch
  • Gingival recession (gums pulling away from the teeth)
  • Loose teeth (in advanced stages)

Prevention and Treatment

Preventing gum disease involves maintaining good oral hygiene practices, including daily brushing and flossing, using an antiseptic mouthwash, and attending regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings. If gum disease is diagnosed, treatment may involve:

  • Professional scaling and root planing to remove plaque and calculus from below the gumline
  • Oral antibiotics or antimicrobial mouthwash
  • Surgical procedures to address severe cases, such as gum flap surgery or bone grafting

The prognosis for gum disease depends on the stage at which it is diagnosed and the individual's response to treatment. Early detection and intervention are crucial in preventing the progression of the disease.

Call Dr. Ed Hoben Dentistry in Woodstock for Gum Disease Evaluation and Treatment

If you suspect you have gum disease or have noticed any signs or symptoms mentioned above, it's essential to seek professional dental care promptly. Contact Dr. Ed Hoben Dentistry at (519) 539-4868 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Ed Hoben. Our experienced dental team is dedicated to preserving your oral health and providing the necessary treatments to address gum disease and maintain a healthy smile. You can find us conveniently located at 35 Wellington St. North in Woodstock, ON.

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